GlyCLICK Azide Activation


GlyCLICK Azide Activation enables site-specific conjugation of IgG using a label of choice



GlyCLICK Azide Activation is a kit that contains all reagents needed to azide-activate IgG for site-specific conjugation using any alkyne-carrying label of choice. Spin columns with GlycINATOR (EndoS2) enzyme immobilized on agarose beads deglycosylates IgG from several species and subclasses by hydrolyzing any Fc glycoform after the inner most GlcNAc. The GalT enzyme supplied in solution enables incorporation of the UDP-GalNAz regent to the exposed GlcNAc sugar for subsequent click chemistry incorporating any alkyne-carrying label of choice. GlyCLICK Azide Activation is available in kit formats to facilitate activation of 250 ug, 2 mg or 10 mg of IgG.

Detailed Information


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The stability of azide activated material varies depending on the antibody and if stabilizing agents have been added. In our labs we have stored azide activated antibodies in TBS buffer without any additives at +4°C for over two years. The azide activation was still OK, and the click reaction generated antibodies with DOL=2. If azide is added as a preservative during long-term storage, it must be removed prior to click reaction.

Characterization using LC-MS will give a complete and clear picture of mass shift associated with successful conjugation if the antibody is analyzed reduced or fragmented. LC or LC-MS analysis of HC from a reduced sample or scFc fragments generated by FabRICATOR digestion provides distinct elution peaks for conjugated scFc or mass shifts corresponding to the degree of labelling (DOL) following conjugation. On the application page you can see an example of such analysis. Analysis of fluorescently labeled antibodies can also be performed by absorbance measurements and calculate the DOL using the Extinction coefficient for the antibody and the label and the correction factor for the label.

All the steps (deglycosylation, azide activation and click reaction) in GlyCLICK are highly efficient. Normally, all molecules are conjugated when using GlyCLICK, resulting in DOL=2. On the application page we have shown by MS-analysis that all molecules have been conjugated and there is no remaining un-conjugated material.

The GlyCLICK 250 ug kit is optimized for 250 ug of IgG as a starting material. We do not recommend using less than 100 ug of starting material in a minimum of 100µL to achieve proper end-over-end mixing on the GlycINATOR columns. Please contact for assistance if you want to process smaller amounts then 100µg.

The final step of GlyCLICK labeling kit is based on a copper free click reaction (SPAAC) and it is a strain promoted reaction between an azide and an alkyne-carrying label. As the name indicates the reaction occurs spontaneously due to the strained bond angles. The use of this click reaction that forms stable conjugates, allows you to freely choose label or payload to combine with your IgG as long as it is alkyne-functionalized. Several alkyne-carrying labels are commercially available with cyclooctyne structures such as DIBO, DBCO or BCN.

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