SmartEnzymes™ in Antibody Subunit Analysis by Janssen and Celgene

January 23, 2020 | References |

 

Scientists at Janssen and Celgene use SmartEnzymes to analyze symmetric and asymmetric structure–function relationships of modified bispecific antibodies.

 

Forced degradation studies are useful for quickly evaluating critical quality attributes. Such modifications may have different biological impacts depending on if they occur symmetrically, in both chains of the antibody, or asymmetrically, in only one chain.

 

In the recently published article, Evans et al. first generated symmetrically and asymmetrically oxidized or deamidated samples. They then used two SmartEnzymes, IgGZERO® and FabRICATOR®, to do middle level mass spectrometry analysis, also referred to as antibody subunit analysis. They first employed IgGZERO to deglycosylated the N-glycans from the Fc region, FabRICATOR was used to digest the antibodies below the hinge and a reduction step resulted in subunits in the range of 25kDa – ideal for MS analysis.

 

Using this approach, the authors could probe the impact of symmetrical and asymmetrical oxidation or deamidation on IgG1 binding to the FcRn receptor or on protein A, respectively. The authors propose their technique, with subunit analysis, is ideal as a platform method for monitoring these or other modifications where symmetry might be crucial.

 

Read more about IgGZERO or FabRICATOR. 

 

Full article available here:
Evans, A. R. et al., 2019. Using bispecific antibodies in forced degradation studies to analyze the structure–function relationships of symmetrically and asymmetrically modified antibodies, mAbs, 11:6, 1101-1112, DOI: 10.1080/19420862.2019.1618675