FabULOUS and IgGZERO in Study of Antibody Pathogenesis in Blood Transfusions

September 17, 2020 | Applications, References |

Scientists at the University of Amsterdam use SmartEnzymes in a new study of the biological and structural properties of antibody pathogenesis in blood transfusions.

 

Blood transfusions are a vital part of healthcare but can in some cases lead to severe conditions such as anti-leukocyte antibodies in the transfusion product that cause transfusion-mediated acute lung injury (TRALI). Even though TRALI is the leading cause of transfusion-associated fatalities, only supportive measures can be provided and no treatment is currently available. To date, the antibody characteristics responsible for causing TRALI remain unknown and the pathogenesis is hard to decipher.

 

Only some antibodies have been observed to induce TRALI, while others are incapable of doing so and are thereby deemed resistant. To study the structural and biological characteristics between TRALI resistant or inducing antibodies, the scientists analyzed different anti-MHC antibodies for affinity to antigens and IgG-Fc receptors, as well as the ability to activate the classical complement pathway. To determine if binding was Fc-mediated, the antibdoies were digested with the FabULOUS enzyme to generate intact Fab and Fc fragments. The role of Fc glycosylation in TRALI was further analyzed by deglycosylation using deGlycIT spin columns, containing the immobilized IgGZERO enzyme that specifically trims the antibody N-glycans.

 

The authors found no substantial differences in binding affinity for antibodies to FcϒRs that could explain the TRALI inducing or resistant properties. However, when studying complement activation, the scientists observed significant differences in binding to the C1q complex. The SmartEnzymes-assisted antibody fragmentation and deglycosylation allowed the authors to determine that complement activation was fully Fc-mediated and independent of Fc glycosylation. With these results, the scientists were able to conclude that TRALI induction correlated to increased antibody Fc-mediated complement activation.

 

Link to Paper: Zeeuw van der Laan et al., 2020. Biological and structural characterization of murine TRALI antibody reveals increased Fc-mediated complement activationBlood advances. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002291